Se mikä miehellä on ja naiselta puuttuu. Aristoteleen naiskuva ja seksismi

What men have and women do not. Women and sexism in Aristotle

Aristotle laid the theoretical foundations of sexism in his biology: the woman is a deficient human being, produced by an unsuccessful fertilisation. Sexist attitudes are also conspicuous in Aristotle's ethics, but the only expression of female incapability mentioned is the lacking authority of her deliberative faculty. Aristotle's sexism was, in fact, moderate in its Greek context. He regarded women as intellectually equal to men and his empirical examples of female incapability do not always support the theoretical conclusions. Female weakness seems to be produced by the social environment rather than natural deficiency. The ingredients of a more egalitarian conception of gender can thus be found in Aristotle's own text.

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