Kielen normit ja kielen ohjailun normit

The Norms of the Finnish Language and the Norms of Linguistic Control

The 19th century was a crucial time in the history of written and standard Finnish. It was then that the principles of linguistic correctness were established and have guided the development, teaching and use of Finnish not only during the 19th century but also throughout most of the 20th. The development of the Finnish language was originally based on highly practical and concrete principles: the aim was to achieve an official status for the Finnish language. Regardless of the common general goal, certain different principles can be identified in the effort to develop the Finnish language: the principle of grammatical correctness, the principle of popular speech and the principle of purism. The winner was a combination of the principles of rigid grammatical correctness and purity, which emphasised the position of linguists as the authorities of linguistic guidance. Linguistic guidance and grammatical correctness were also extended to the field of spoken language, with the result that written language and the standard language based on it have grown far apart from the spontaneously developing spoken language and vernaculars.

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