Aristoteleen dialektiikan ja tieteen erityispiirteitä. Lectio praecursoria

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Special characteristics of Aristotle's dialectics

As the positivistic influence has faded, studies in the history of philosophy have gained new perspectives. In relation to interpretations of Aristotle, for example, this means that his formal syllogistic is no longer considered a more mature form of logic than his dialectic and rhetoric. Also, his dialectical and empirical methods are no longer regarded as opposites, but considered to be mutually complementary. The author outlines a new interpretation of dialectics, showing that it includes the logic of scientific discovery in two senses: firstly, as regards the heuristic rules of solving debates and, secondly, as concerns the strategic rules of finding suitable arguments. The author also points out the limits of the dialectical method.