Jean-François Lyotard ja poliittinen arvostelma

Jean-Francois Lyotard on Political Judgement

In Lyotard's phrastics an affect-phrase identifies a differend, which is a wrong done in a way that makes it impossible for the victims to put it in phrases. Affect-phrase links up with Lyotard's discussion on Freud's case Emma, in which an adult articulate phrase comes to awaken the child's passibility. Lyotard's affect, like Lacan's Thing, is an excluded inside: it inhabits articulated discourse while being its radical other. I link the figure of awakening an infant's passibility and the figure of excluded interior to the problematics of the communal subjectivity. The figure of awakening evokes the thought of the passibility of the communal subjectivity and the touch of the oppressor, which awakens political consciousness. The communal subject is inarticulate, but nevertheless it is there in the heart of the subject, as the excluded centre. Also, when Lyotard recasts political judgement as analogous to Kantian aesthetic judgement that is based on a feeling, sensus communis, he rejects the idea that a communal subjectivity could be expressed or known, but not that it is there. To envision a possibility to think of political judgement without the notion of the communal will is in the interest of a post-Marxist and postmodern political thought. Accepting the idea of there being a core of a communal subject implies that Lyotard only partially departs from the tradition of Hegelian-Marxian political thought.

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