Berdjajev ja Venäjän kohtalo

Berdiayev and the fate of Russia

Nikolai Berdiayev (1874–1948), an existentialist philosopher and deportee from Soviet Russia since 1922, had a lot to say about the Russian identity. It is therefore no wonder that many attempts to reconstruct a new Russian identity on the ruins of the Marxist-Leninist ideology of state are based on Berdiayev's heritage as historical and intellectual source. The philosopher's thinking is marked with a belief in individualism, in the spiritual freedom of an individual. This view can also be traced in Berdiayev's social and historical philosophy, which is the focus of this essay. Two thematic levels can be distinguished in this philosophy, one related solely to Russia, another one being a proclamatory prophecy of the destiny of the whole human race. These two levels are connected in an unambiguous way: Russia must be the country, and Russian people must be the people to lead the world to Berdiayev's utopia, being the example of the synthesis of the East and the West, and unavoidably attracting others to its course in pursuing the universal world. The essay is completed with some variations of Berdiayev's philosophy within the frame of contemporary discourse on Russian identity.

Login Form