Pohjoismaisen hyvinvoinnin poliittinen eetos

The Political Ethos of Nordic Welfare States

Has the Nordic welfare regime been transformed in the 1990s? This question has been posed daily in public. It is claimed in this article that this is fundamentally a question concerning ethos even though it is also connected to the eidetic and technological aspects of government. This article attempts to elaborate why and how the Nordic ethos of welfare is specifically political and politically specific. It is claimed that equality, universality and public responsibility characterise this ethos. When these characteristics are juxtaposed with the moral sentiments of the mainstream modern matrix as originally outlined by Rousseau – identification, self-love and commerce – they can be reconceptualised as solidarity, equity and worldliness. This is a political reconceptualisation which points out how the Nordic ethos of welfare is conditioned and constructed by political practices which also seek to give a share to those who have no share to begin with. An effort is also made to analyse how this ethos contradicts the "folklore of capitalism".

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