Tieteen ideologiat ja naturalisoitu uskontotiede

The ideologies of science and the naturalized study of religion

This article discusses some problems related to the recently influential naturalized study of religion in the cognitivist paradigm, with reference to Ilkka Pyysiäinen's and some others' writings. More general implications of these problems in the philosophy of science are drawn regarding the role played by "ideologies", including anti-ideology, in scientific research. It is argued that a reductively naturalized approach in the study of religion (as in the humanities more generally) may lead to a narrow-minded perspective on a complex human phenomenon such as religious belief. Moreover, philosophical problems concerning truth, meaning, and understanding seem to reappear, even though the naturalistic researcher claims to produce only "neutral" scientific results through her/his research. This is briefly illustrated with some analogies taken from current philosophy of science.

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