Avoin keskustelu ja sen viholliset

Open discussion and its enemies

One of the most unpleasant features of Plato´s utopian state is its heavily censured education that, furthermore, overlooks the ideals of open and frank speech prominent elsewhere in the dialogue. The article argues that the audacity of censuring Homer is meant to startle the reader. The dialogue presents two ideals of virtuous human beings. One is internally harmonious and free, the other a product of its surrounding culture and values. If Athenian democracy failed because it over-emphasized the first, Republic explores the dangers of concentrating on the manipulation of the latter, thus opening ways of incorporating both of them to a genuine understanding of what it is to be an agent and a self.

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