Miksi Machiavelli järkytti?

Why was Machiavelli shocking?

The article aims to establish that if we study the early reception of Machiavelli, we find that the shocking element in his writings consisted of two partly overlapping features: his blatant secularism in harnessing religion to serve politics, and his criticism of Christianity. His true message, which was no news to any literate contemporaries, was that politics, or arte dello stato, is by nature always immoral, always anti-Christian. The classical tradition had assumed that from good deeds, only good consequences could follow, and from bad deeds, only bad ones. Machiavelli's shock to the Western thought is in the claim that cases of necessity occur not only accidentally, but regularly, naturally and normally. For Machiavelli, expedient wickedness is fundamental to the political order not only when a prior transgression has shaken up the moral world, but also in its normal condition. This view espoused by Machiavelli is the opposite of the ethical community of classical antiquity, where human beings are considered friends and intimates.

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