Mitä tarkoittaa "hyvä eurooppalainen"?

What does it mean to be a "good European"?

By way of following Nietzsche’s figure of the "good European", Françoise Dastur discusses conceptions of Europe in Nietzsche, Husserl and Heidegger. For Nietzsche himself, a "good European" is the one who affirms life in its becoming and difference and who is ready to live without belonging to any particular people or culture. Here the name "Europe" implies the deconstruction of the ideas of nation and of a homogeneous culture. Husserl too demanded the overcoming of national traditionality, but towards a universal humanity open to everyone without restriction, which is made possible through the infinite traditionality of science. For him the only remedy for the crisis of Europe is the revival of its "spiritual shape", the originally Greek tradition of rationality. For Heidegger Europe is just the name of what the West has become after its great beginning in Greece, that is, the extreme absence of thought and the oblivion of Being become real in its technological order. But this has to be understood as the fate of the Occident and as the metaphysical presupposition of its global domination. Through a dialogue with Hölderlin and his idea that one becomes what one properly is only through the other Heidegger learnt that Europe can no longer remain only European, that it can not be satisfied with the Europeanization of the world, but it has to open itself to other cultures.

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