Kuvittelu, skeema ja äärellisyys: Heideggerin Kant-tulkinnasta

Imagination, schema and fi­ni­tu­de. On Heidegger's interpretation of Kant

The Kan­tian conception of the two sources of human kno­wledge: sensible intuition and conceptual un­der­standing, implies a new notion of finitude. In or­der to reveal the constitutive role of the problem of finitude in the Critique of Pure Reason, Hei­deg­ger's interpretation of Kant presented in Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics focuses on the fun­c­ti­on of imagination as the "middle" between the sen­sible and the concept. The present paper attempts to give an account of the originary character of finitude as it takes place in "sche­matism", the very operation of imagination for Kant. The concept of transcendental schema, conceived as "pure ima­ge", is shown to be his way of addressing the on­tological creativity of the finite – and that means: on­tically non-creative – human being. The paper con­cludes with noting the crucial importan­ce, beyond Kant's original insight, of the pheno­meno­logical problem of finitude for the question of human existence in its temporal-historical character.

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