Emergenssi, pragmaattinen realismi ja ei-reduktiivinen naturalismi

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Emergence, Pragmatic Realism, and Non-Reductive Naturalism

The concept of emergen­ce is hotly debated in metaphysics and the philosophy of mind. The contributions by philosophers associated with the pragmatist tradition are, however, usually neglected in mainstream analytic discussions of emergence. After introducing some the key characteristics of emergence, as traditionally understood, this paper suggests that a richer perspective on this concept can be opened through a reconsideration of pragmatist (e.g., Deweyan) articulations of emergent, non-reductive naturalism. The assumption of metaphysical realism, more or less taken for granted by most contemporary emergentists and their critics alike, must be questioned from a pragmatist point of view.