Reduktionismi, alaspäinen kausaatio ja emergenssi

Reductionism, Downward Causation, and Emergen­ce

The historical background of the notion of emergence is first brief­ly­ reviewed, and the notion of emergence is then more systematically ana­lyzed. The question of emergence is next discussed particularly in the field of the philosophy of mind. The problem of mental causation is considered by taking into account some recent developments in the philosophy of science. The problem is viewed from the perspective of the new interventionist theory of causation developed by Woodward. It is argued that mental causation is much less a problem than it has appeared to be.

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