Chantal Mouffe ja Carl Schmitt: ystäviä vai vihollisia?

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Chantal Mouf­fe ja Carl Schmitt: Friends or Enemies?

The article analyzes critical­ly the postmodern political thought, focusing on Chantal Mouf­fe´s agonistic politics. In Mouffe, the relation between the self and the other constitutes a primary political relation. This relation is permanently conflictual. According to Mouffe, her theory of the political relation bears a resemblance to the friend-ene­my relation in Carl Schmitt´s thought.  It is argued in this article that the political relation in Mouffe has its roots not in Schmitt but in the Kojevian interpretation of He­gel. In Kojevian Hegelianism the conflict between the self and the other is seen as a condition for politics and history; further, internal conflict cons­titutes the basic structure of particular subjects. This article shows that there is a superficial relation between Mouf­fe and Schmitt. Further, the post­mo­dern political thought is criticised for its self-contradictory ethics concerning other­ness. Even that the other is valued by theorists like Mouffe, the otherness-recognitive ethics remains an abstract "beyond" as political subjects themselves are seen as permanently incapable of a proper acknowledgement of the other.