Ihmisen kuolema II. Antihumanistin esteettinen politiikka

The Death of Man II. The Aesthetic Politics of Anti-humanist

"Transform the world," said Marx. "Change life," said Rimbaud. For us these two commands are one and the same.” This is how André Breton famously crystallized the political position of Surrealism. The article tracts the different forms and dynamics of this program in the 19th century French thought and politics by pinpointing the central issues in the different projects and debates covering surrealism, existentialism, phenomenology and structuralism, and especially Marxian humanism. By concentrating to themes of death of man and death of art, it reveals the displacement and continuities in Michel Foucault’s aesthetic and political thought in proportion to these dynamics. It shows the foundational role given both to the imagination and know­ledge (savoir) in Foucault’s aesthetic and political thought and maps their subsequent transformations. By making close readings of Foucault’s analysis of painting, literature and politics its explains what Foucault really meant  with his ”horrible” anti-humanism and what its changing position was in relation to the great aesthetic and political disputes of 19th century.  By illustrating the constituting role of aesthetics in Foucault’s thought the article illustrates the interrelated transformations of art and politics in Foucault’s thought. Finally it shows how Foucault’s 60’s predication about the disappearance of man has become completely true, and which new epistemological and ethical figure has taken its place.

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