Kollektiivinen luovuus ja taiteen tuotanto näyttelyinstituutiossa

Collective Creativity and the Making of Art in the Exhibition Institution

The paper rethinks the making of art by redistributing creativity in art to a multiplicity of agents or actants of various size and kind instead of assigning it to the artist alone. The discussion draws from a case study that concerns an exhibition by Pekka Jylhä, a renowned Finnish sculptor. Concepts from the work Bruno Latour, especially from the actor-network theory (ANT) he has developed in collaboration with his colleagues, are found useful in looking at how artworks are made in the mundane links between a multiplicity of actants. From the viewpoint of ANT, the art world appears as a heterogeneous actor-network, which draws together a variety of both human and non-human elements. The suggested approach decentres the notion of an autonomous, sovereign artist: the artist him or herself does not appear as the one and the only mover or individual genius, but as a spokesperson of a ‘collective' of entities assembled into a more or less coherent and stable network. It is argued in the paper that as a subject position, the artist is an effect of the cutting of the network, of the privatization or appropriation of what is in common and collectively produced.

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